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DynamicWebApplication.com/.Net (DynaWeb) provides two products: DWT (Dynamic Website Tool) and DSW (Dynamic School Website).




Connecting Students, Teachers and Parents to Information Source by Providing Dynamic School Website

Concept Paper




Submitted to:




Dynamic Web Application

P. O .Box 28022

Tel: 0911-400029

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Email: giza.chew@yahoo.com




Website:          www.DynamicWebApplication.com

Representative: Gizachew Kebede Kiros (B.Sc, M.Sc, M.Sc)


Signature: _________________

Date:  April 24, 2012





1.      Problem statement


There are many problems in developing countries in general and Ethiopia in particular. Poor health, poverty and lack of enough food are some of the problems. The problems mentioned and others are effects of the real problem and the real problem is lack of appropriate information. There is no common agreement on “what does information means?”, so I will be using the term “information” in place of data, processed data, knowledge or wisdom in my discussion.


Most people in Ethiopia don’t apply appropriate information in their daily duty. To check this, it is just enough to count how many people use recipe (information) to cook their food?  Not much except big hotels. I normally eat outside and I don’t get the same food, although the name and price are always the same. Every time I go, I had to complain for less or more salt, oil, onion, tomatoes, peppers, etc. If they used the recipe then I would have gotten the same food. 


There are people who have appropriate information and still they don’t apply. But most people don’t apply information because they don’t have it.  Some of the reasons for lack of appropriate information are as follows

·         Lack of education - quality education.

·         Lack of professionals – health, agriculture professionals, academicians, etc who can share their information to the people.

·         Lack of materials - books, recipes, and other source of information.


There are few health professionals, agriculture professionals, researchers and other information workers in Ethiopia. There is doubt if they have the right information which is much less than inventing new information which solves the problem of the people.


So the focus of this proposal is how to connect people to the source of information?



2.      Project goal and Objective


The goal of this project is transforming people to information society where people could create new information like new recipe, value and pay for information (like purchasing recipe) and apply the information in their duty like cooking food.


The objective is connecting people (students, teacher and parents) to the source of information.



3.      Justification


Let us compare chef y, who uses recipe (information), and chef x, who doesn’t, so that we can understand the power of appropriate information. Give equal food ingredients to chef y and chef x. Chef y sells his product and gets 340 birr ($20) from satisfied customer, and chef x gets 17 birr ($1) from dissatisfied customer and the food he prepares is just a waste. For pricing information, please check the menu of hotels that uses recipe and those that doesn’t. If we do a little observation on health, agriculture, etc we will find similar cases.


If we have chef x then it will be a matter of quality and not life or death situation. What about if we have farmer x? It will be difficult situation. I will be using the term “farmer x” in my discussion and it is meant as “a farmer without appropriate agricultural information like increasing productivity, quality, etc.”


The hands of farmer x can’t produce enough food to feed mouths of the people. When people don’t have enough food then they will be forced to beg for help. Currently, there are many governments and NGOs that donate their hardly gained tax payer dollars to poor countries. As long as the donation continues then it will not be life or death situation, thanks to them.  What about if donors could not do it any longer? TV screens will be the place to watch the cruel struggle of the extreme case of “the survival of the fittest”. Human dignity, world peace, globalization, global warming and partnership will be things of the past. And most likely food donation will not stop in near future.


There are two extremist groups in Ethiopia regarding the participation of foreigners in development in Ethiopia. The first extreme group is totally and blindly anti-foreigners and the other extreme group is pro-foreigners at the level of they sit at home leaving the development work to foreigners. I guess there should be a balance.


There are some infertile contributions of foreigners in development and some of the developments are functional for certain years. Based on give-and-take partnership, What if the demand of foreigners for maintenance is beyond the country’s capacity or the capacity of the next generation? I mean, who is going to maintain it? But I believe a fertile contribution of foreigners is good for sustainable development. Fertile contribution is a foreigner comes, transfer skills to people to the level the people be able to do the development works themselves.  Of-course any contribution in making people self sufficient is appreciated.


By the same token, there are two extremist groups in Ethiopia regarding the existing government. The first extreme group is totally and blindly anti-government and the other extreme group is pro-government at the level of believing all the people in the government are set of saints. I guess there should be a balance.


The existing regime is better than the previous regimes, whether by food donation or not, people are not dying because of hunger unlike the previous regimes. Whether sustainable or not, there is some progress in the country and it is difficult to deny that. There is also better constitution in the country. There is a change of definition of a country as more of people and less of a land. For example, unity of a country is unity of people and not unity of land. Development should also mean development of people and not development of land.


We have seen chef x, chef y, farmer x, farmer y, professional x, etc in the proposal. It is also possible to do the math for politicians. The recipe for politician is the constitution and party principles. If a politician from ruling party or/and peaceful opposition party don’t implement/respect the constitution/party principles as it is then he/she is politician x. The problem of politician x is more of ego than lack of information so it is out of the scope of my proposal.


Therefore, the best option will be to be proactive and make people like farmer x, chef x and professional x be able to apply appropriate information and be self sufficient.  Connecting people to information source is part of the solution.



4.      Strategy and Activities


If connecting people to information source is part of the solution then which sector will make us reach most people, if not all? I couldn’t find any sector which covers almost all the people other than the education sector. We find students at school, we find teachers at school and we can find parents at school. This was the first question I should answer when I was doing my first M.Sc theses in 2000. The next big question was “is there any appropriate technology to provide information?” A technology is appropriate if it is financially and technically feasible. I took all technologies and the most appropriate was a website. And I narrowed down my thesis title to “website for schools”. 


Another question followed that what kind of a website? Website is divided into two: static and dynamic website. Static website is a website that doesn’t let people interact or change its content. Schools cannot provide services like result, billing, attendance, etc with static website and Parents can’t interact with the website as there are no services. If parents, students and teacher can’t use the technology then it doesn’t serve the purpose.


Therefore, I further narrowed down to “dynamic website for schools”. The question continued and has become “what kind of dynamic website?” This question was like asking the following four questions

1.      Does the solution consider the infrastructure in Ethiopia which is very slow?

2.      Is the solution feasible to distribute to large number of schools?

3.      Does the solution consider that there are no internet connections in most homes?

4.      Does the solution consider the technical know-how of the people?


A website is stored in a web server, the web server can be in the US, Canada or else. The web server has to send the whole page to the client (browser) every time the user click on something. The infrastructure in Ethiopia is very slow to send the whole page every time the user asked. So what I did to solve this problem was let the web server send only the required part of the web page every time the user needs, keeping the rest on the browser. For technical people, I used AJAX technology.


To solve the second problem, I made it just a skeleton, of course schools need training on how to change and get a unique website next morning. That way, we can reach tens thousands of schools at the same time. And that way, it is feasible.


Schools, parents, students and teachers can use internet café to access any information and to change the content because it doesn’t need any specialized tool to change anything.


The people in Ethiopia don’t have much knowledge about website which is much less than using it. I used a tool they know, which is MS Word. I could connect Microsoft Word to the high tech dynamic web application. That way, they don’t need any specialized tool which needs expertise.


It took me more than seven years to come with these solutions and finally solved.


Education sector is chosen not only because it reaches most people but it is the center of focus in increasing quality of education. But it is not possible to bring quality by just focusing in schools. If financial institutions don’t consider one’s idea/invention when permitting loans, if researches big or small are not funded, if churches don’t encourage education, if family doesn’t encourage quality education, if hiring and promoting don’t consider the information in one’s head, etc then quality of education is not possible by just focusing on class rooms.  


So my strategy to transform the society to information society is to connect schools, where you find students, teachers and parents, to the source of information (InterNet) by providing Dynamic School Website (DSW). The product is ready to be distributed and our next activities will be training, installing, purchasing domain name, renting host, follow up and post delivery support



5.      Anticipated Result


The output of the project will be 28 schools will have their own dynamic website and these schools will be used as a model school. Some of the anticipated results will be as follows

·         Students – will be familiar with InterNet, use some reference materials on the internet, some subsystem of DSW will make them more competitive, and urge parents to use DSW.

·         Parents – will get information about their children from DSW, get information from internet to do their business, participate in doing homework, strong bond between parents and school.

·         Schools – will provide all services via DSW including result, billing, and other 16 services.

·         Teachers – use materials on the internet as a reference materials, update their teaching materials, search for other information for their own business


The impact will be as follows

·         People will use information for health, agriculture, trade, etc.

·         Government will consider a better way to provide telecom services.

·         Economic growth in the long term.

·         Development (economic and political) in general



6.      Resources Requirement


DynamicWebApplication.com (DynaWeb) is dedicated to the transformation to Information Society by providing two products: DSW (Dynamic School Website) which is web-based school management software for Kindergarten, Elementary, Secondary schools and colleges and D-Web (Dynamic Website) which is a skeleton for any sector.

Meeting the goal is impossible without cooperation of others like SPONSOR. I couldn’t connect the tens of thousands of schools to information source. Even I couldn’t distribute DSW to five government schools in Addis, five private schools in Addis and 2 schools per region, which is a total of 28 schools, according to my initial plan.


The proposed estimated cost for each school is 1000 USD which makes the total cost for 28 schools a 28,000 USD. Regarding the time, I can finish it within a week. It is possible any number of school within weeks. My resource is drained in development of the product. I strongly feel SPONSOR feels the gap.


I strongly believe the gap between information haves and have-nots is the main problems which manifests itself as poverty, poor health, food insecurity, gender gaps, etc. and hope you give us highest priority.